6 rules relative age dating

In general, with the exception of the single proton that constitutes the nucleus of the most abundant isotope of hydrogen, the number of neutrons must at least equal the number of protons in an atomic nucleus, because electrostatic repulsion prohibits denser packing of protons.

But if there are too many neutrons, the nucleus is potentially unstable and decay may be triggered.

They are: Principle of superposition: Younger sedimentary rocks are deposited on top of older sedimentary rocks.

U-235 is the parent isotope of Pb-207, which is the daughter isotope.

Many rocks contain small amounts of unstable isotopes and the daughter isotopes into which they decay.

For example, U-235 is an unstable isotope of uranium that has 92 protons and 143 neutrons in the nucl eus of each atom.

Through a series of changes within the nucleus, it emits several particles, ending up with 82 protons and 125 neutrons.

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